What are Bunions?

Bunions, or Hallux Valgus, are deformities at the base of the big toe that cause the joint to protrude and the big toe to lean towards the second toe. This condition can lead to a variety of signs and symptoms, affecting not only the appearance of the foot but also its functionality and comfort.

Signs & Symptoms

  • Bony bump on the side of the big toe joint
  • Big toe leaning towards the other toes
  • Swelling, redness, or soreness around the big toe joint
  • Corns or calluses forming where the toes overlap
  • Persistent or intermittent pain
  • Restricted movement of the big toe

Bunions FAQ

Bunions are caused by a combination of genetic predispositions, foot structure, and biomechanics. Factors like wearing tight, narrow, or high-heeled shoes can exacerbate the condition.

Yes, the tendency to develop bunions can be hereditary, as foot type and structure are often passed down through generations.

While it’s not always possible to prevent bunions, wearing well-fitted shoes with a wide toe box and avoiding high heels can reduce the risk.

To diagnose a bunion, Dr. Hausman physically examines your feet and toes and asks questions about the symptoms you’re experiencing. Dr. Hausman might also recommend a series of X-rays to help him determine the best way to treat it. 

Whenever possible, Dr. Hausman recommends conservative, noninvasive treatments to relieve bunion pain. Common nonsurgical treatment methods include:

  • Wearing padding or inserts
  • Changing shoes
  • Taking over-the-counter painkillers
  • Applying ice packs

If these measures of treatment don’t provide significant relief, surgical intervention may be necessary. Dr. Hausman offers several different types of surgery to treat bunions. Depending on your symptoms, he might recommend:

  • Removing swollen tissue from around your big toe
  • Fusing the joints in your big toe together
  • Removing part of the bone from your big toe

To prevent a bunion from recurring after surgery, you’ll need to wear comfortable shoes or custom-made orthotics with plenty of room in the toe box. 

Don’t let a bunion keep you from living a healthy, active lifestyle. Request your bunion appointment at Lionel G. Hausman, DPM, today by calling the office or clicking the online booking tool.